Understanding Blood Glucose Readings: What do the Numbers Mean

Blood glucose readings are an important measure of how effectively your body is managing blood sugar levels. For people with diabetes, understanding blood glucose readings is critical for managing the condition and avoiding complications. In this blog post, we’ll explore what blood glucose readings mean and how to interpret them.


What is Blood Glucose?

Blood glucose, also known as blood sugar, is the amount of glucose present in your bloodstream. Glucose is a type of sugar that comes from the foods we eat, and it is the primary source of energy for our bodies. Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps glucose enter our cells to be used for energy.


What are Normal Blood Glucose Levels?

Normal blood glucose levels vary depending on when you last ate and other factors such as age, health status and physical activity levels. Generally, a fasting blood glucose level between 70 and 99 mg/dL is considered normal. For a person with diabetes, the target range for blood glucose levels is typically between 70 and 130 mg/dL before meals and less than 180 mg/dL after meals.


What Do the Numbers Mean?

A blood glucose reading is typically measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles per liter (mmol/L). When you test your blood glucose levels, you’ll see a number that indicates how much glucose is present in your bloodstream.


If your blood glucose level is too high, this is called hyperglycemia, which can be a sign that your body is not producing enough insulin or not using it effectively. Over time, high blood glucose levels can damage organs and tissues in the body and lead to complications such as nerve damage, kidney disease, and vision problems.


If your blood glucose level is too low, this is called hypoglycemia, which can be caused by taking too much insulin or other glucose-lowering medications. Hypoglycemia can cause symptoms such as shakiness, sweating, confusion, and in severe cases, loss of consciousness.


How to Interpret Your Blood Glucose Readings

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to monitor your blood glucose levels regularly. Here are some tips for understanding your blood glucose readings:


1. Keep a log 

Keep a record of your blood glucose readings to track trends and identify any patterns. This information will be helpful in adjusting your diabetes management plan as needed.


2. Check at different times 

Checking your blood glucose at different times of the day will give you a better understanding of how your body responds to food, exercise, and medication.


3. Understand your target range

Work with your healthcare provider to determine your target blood glucose range. This will vary depending on your age, overall health, and the severity of your diabetes.


4. Know when to seek help

If your blood glucose readings are consistently high or low, consult your healthcare provider. They may need to adjust your diabetes management plan.


5. Don’t rely on symptoms

High or low blood glucose levels can cause symptoms such as fatigue, thirst, or blurry vision. However, it’s important to remember that not everyone with diabetes experiences symptoms. This is why it’s essential to monitor your blood glucose levels regularly.


Managing Your Blood Glucose Levels

Managing your blood glucose levels involves making lifestyle changes, taking medication as prescribed, and monitoring your blood glucose levels regularly. Here are some tips for managing your blood glucose levels:


1. Follow a healthy diet

A healthy diet includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Limit your intake of processed foods, sugary drinks, and saturated fats.


2. Exercise regularly

Exercise can help improve insulin sensitivity, allowing your body to use glucose more effectively. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week.


3. Take medication as prescribed

If you have been prescribed medication for diabetes, take it as directed by your healthcare provider. Don’t adjust the dose without consulting them first.


4. Monitor your blood glucose levels regularly

Regular blood glucose monitoring will help you identify any patterns or trends and adjust your diabetes management plan as needed.


5. Work with your healthcare provider

Your healthcare provider can help you develop a diabetes management plan that works for you. They can also monitor your blood glucose levels and adjust your medication as needed.


In conclusion, blood glucose readings are a critical component of managing diabetes. Knowing what your blood glucose numbers mean and how to manage them can help you lead a healthy life with diabetes. Regular monitoring, lifestyle changes, and working with your healthcare provider can help you maintain healthy blood glucose levels and reduce the risk of diabetes-related complications. Remember to always prioritize your health and take proactive steps towards managing your blood glucose levels.


Prickless Glucose Monitoring with SenSights.AI

SenSights.AI is the only remote patient monitoring provider that uses all 3 methods to measure glucose level:


1. Prick-less Glucose Monitoring

Using SenSights app, patients can measure their glucose level in just 30 seconds with any smart device camera. The app uses artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies to measure your glucose level. Besides glucose level, SenSights app can also measure your blood pressure, heart rate, heart rate variability, oxygen saturation and even stress level.


2. Continuous Glucose Monitoring

Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) is an advanced FDA-approved diabetes monitoring system that measures and records glucose levels in the body over time. With a sensor inserted under the skin, it provides patients with continuous and proactive health monitoring, eliminating the need for daily finger prick testing. The SenSights.AI app upgrades the patient experience by providing access to historical data, enabling doctors to prevent diabetes progression and timely adjust treatment plans for their patients. 


3. Finger Prick with a Glucometer

If you are used to traditional glucose measurement devices, you can use our FDA-approved Glucometer that will automatically transmit your readings to the SenSight app and will be automatically shared with a doctor and your loved ones. 

Measuring your glucose is simple with SenSights.AI!

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